Fentanyl is one of the medications used for the relief of ongoing severe pain like cancer. It has been classified under opioid (narcotic) analgesics.
- Fentanyl works in your brain by changing how your body reacts and feels pain.
- Do not use patch types of Fentanyl for the relief of mild pain complaints.
- If you want to buy generic brands then ask for Fentanyl, but the brand-name of the drug is Duragesic.
Duragesic is what’s often prescribed as a treatment for “round-the-clock” chronic pain. Also, Fentanyl should only be used by those who are tolerant to opioids. In other words, you should already be using opioid pain medications like oxycodone and morphine regularly and have developed a tolerance to opioids before taking Fentanyl.
The use of Fentanyl can sometimes lead to misuse, abuse, and addiction even if you take the drug at recommended doses. There is a higher risk of drug-related problems if you come from a family that carries with them a history of mental illnesses or substance abuse.
Fentanyl, according to experts, is 100x more potent when compared with morphine.
Take note that Fentanyl was designed to be delivered in small amounts every hour over a period of time. If you ingest Fentanyl, a Duragesic patch may deliver a full dose at once and increase your risk of overdose.
A study noted in the Journal of Forensic Sciences in 2008 reported that seven cases of oral abuse of the brand name Duragesic. Furthermore, it has also been discovered by the researchers that Fentanyl overdose is linked to many drug-related deaths. For more information, visit the best addiction treatment center in your area.
- The drug comes with a black-box warning related to the potential for misuse, abuse, and addiction and the associated risks of lethal overdose.
- Those who accidentally get exposed to Fentanyl, like children, are the most vulnerable to overdose that almost always leads to death.
- It should only be used by those who are opioid tolerant and who suffer from chronic pain.
- Do not use it for treatment of postoperative, short-term, mild or intermittent pain.
- If you have some respiratory problems, paralytic ileus (obstruction of intestines), severe or acute asthma or other known sensitivity to Fentanyl, you should not be taking Fentanyl.
- Those who are not tolerant on opioids should not be taking Fentanyl as it causes a high risk of respiratory depression or low breathing rate that is extremely life-threatening.
- Respiratory depression can also take place in those who are opioid tolerant and even when Fentanyl is used according to a prescription. The scenario particularly occurs when using Fentanyl for the first time or when increasing doses.
- If you are debilitated, have a wasting syndrome known as cachexia or are older, you have a higher possibility of experiencing respiratory depression.
A potentially lethal respiratory depression can take place if you are using Fentanyl with CYP3A4 cytochrome P450 3A4 inhibitors, like nelfinavir (Viracept), ritonavir (Norvir) and nefazodone (Serzone). The same complication may also happen after eating grapefruit or drinking grapefruit juice.
The use of Fentanyl along with central nervous depressants like sedatives, alcohol, hypnotics or other opioids may also result in abnormally low blood pressure, respiratory depression, profound sedation, coma, and even death.
Always remember that when using Fentanyl, do not expose the Fentanyl patch to direct external heat like hot tubs, heating pads, and saunas. Under hot temperature, the medication has the potential to increase the absorption of Fentanyl so you risk a lethal overdose. Also if you have a fever or undergo rigorous exercise, you may risk increased Fentanyl exposure.
You can also check out this playlist from Florida addiction treatment center.
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